bridges Issue: Volume 37 - May 15, 2013

Feature Articles

bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Feature Articles By Julia Lane, David Newman, and Rebecca F. Rosen "How much should a nation spend on science? What kind of science? How much from private versus public sectors? Does demand for funding by potential science performers imply a shortage of funding or a surfeit of performers? ... A new "science of science policy" is emerging, and it may offer more compelling guidance for policy decisions and for more credible advocacy." John H. Marburger III, "Wanted: Better Benchmarks." Science, May 20, 2005 Marburger's questions still resonate today. What research is being funded? Which…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Feature Articles By Klaus Schuch In a recent comparative report (Tsipouri and Sidiropolous, 2013), Austria has been recommended as a role model to newcomers who are trying to establish a research, technology, and innovation (RTI) evaluation culture in a reasonable time frame. Unlike the Anglo-Saxon or Scandinavian countries, whose tradition in evaluation goes back several decades, Austria succeeded in leapfrogging and has become one of the leading European countries in RTI evaluation in only a few years.             Attend the International Scientific STI Policy Evaluation Conference organized by -…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Feature Articles By Andrea Kleinsasser and Johanna Egger-Berndorfer     Satellite Specification    Volume 20 x 20 x 20 cm (Nano satellite)   Mass 6 - 7 kg   Attitude Determination and Control three-axis stabilization   Power 5.4 W to 10 W   Data Downlink Rate 32 kbit/s (min), 256 kbit/s (max)   Data Volume / Day 2 MByte   Frequency ranges VHF, UHF, S-Band   Transmitting Power 0.5 W [Source: http://www.tugsat.tugraz.at/] On February 25 of this year, "BRITE-A TUGSAT-1", Austria's first self-built satellite, was successfully launched into orbit from the Satish Dhawan Space…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Feature Articles By Elisabeth Ossberger Every year, the Austrian Club of Education and Science Journalists elects one outstanding researcher as Austrian Scientist of the Year. The 2012 award was given to plant scientist and ecologist Georg Grabherr. Aside from recognition for their exceptional research, this award especially honors Austrian scientists who have placed a special emphasis on explaining their research to a broader nonscientific audience, thus improving the public's perception and understanding of scientific research in Austria. Georg Grabherr, who is deputy director of the Institute of Interdisciplinary Mountain Research (IGF) at the Austrian…