bridges Issue: Volume 37 - May 15, 2013
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / News from the Network: Austrian Researchers Abroad The network of Austrian Scientists and Scholars in North America (ASciNA) is now accepting applications for its 2013 awards. The awards recognize excellent scientific publications and projects by Austrian scholars and researchers in North America that deal with important questions in the fields of natural science and the humanities. The goal of the awards is to raise awareness of the achievements of young Austrian scientists at North American research institutions and to foster scientific and academic cooperation between Austria and North America.
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Innovation Matters By Stephen Ezell
{enclose Vol_37_Ezell.mp3} Trade is a hot topic in policy circles on both sides of the Atlantic these days. The start of negotiations toward a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement (the "T-TIP") – an agreement that would bring the European Union and the United States together in an ambitious and comprehensive free trade zone – has garnered particular attention in Brussels and Washington. The effect of a trade pact between countries accounting for one-half of the world's GDP and one-third of world…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Norm Neureiter on S&T in Diplomacy By Norman P. Neureiter
{enclose Vol_37_Neureiter.mp3} On Wednesday, February 7, 2013, Harvey Lavan Cliburn died of bone cancer. To the music world he was simply Van Cliburn, but in the headlines he was "the classical pianist who conquered Russia."*  In 1958 he won the first International Tchaikovsky Competition (for piano) in Moscow. It seemed remarkable that an American was even competing, and it was a sensation when he won. It was reported that Khrushchev himself had allowed it, saying: "Is…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Pielke's Perspective By Roger A. Pielke, Jr.
{enclose Vol_37_Pielke.mp3} When Thomas Herndon's professors at the University of Massachusetts asked the students in their graduate economics seminar to replicate an analysis in a published paper, little did they know that the results of Herndon's homework would soon be the talk of the discipline. The episode has been the focus of much discussion among economists but offers much broader lessons for how we think about the relationship between academic research and policy making. As has now been widely…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Feature Articles By Julia Lane, David Newman, and Rebecca F. Rosen "How much should a nation spend on science? What kind of science? How much from private versus public sectors? Does demand for funding by potential science performers imply a shortage of funding or a surfeit of performers? ... A new "science of science policy" is emerging, and it may offer more compelling guidance for policy decisions and for more credible advocacy." John H. Marburger III, "Wanted: Better Benchmarks." Science, May 20, 2005 Marburger's questions still resonate today. What research is being funded? Which…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Feature Articles By Klaus Schuch In a recent comparative report (Tsipouri and Sidiropolous, 2013), Austria has been recommended as a role model to newcomers who are trying to establish a research, technology, and innovation (RTI) evaluation culture in a reasonable time frame. Unlike the Anglo-Saxon or Scandinavian countries, whose tradition in evaluation goes back several decades, Austria succeeded in leapfrogging and has become one of the leading European countries in RTI evaluation in only a few years.             Attend the International Scientific STI Policy Evaluation Conference organized by -…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Feature Articles By Andrea Kleinsasser and Johanna Egger-Berndorfer     Satellite Specification    Volume 20 x 20 x 20 cm (Nano satellite)   Mass 6 - 7 kg   Attitude Determination and Control three-axis stabilization   Power 5.4 W to 10 W   Data Downlink Rate 32 kbit/s (min), 256 kbit/s (max)   Data Volume / Day 2 MByte   Frequency ranges VHF, UHF, S-Band   Transmitting Power 0.5 W [Source: http://www.tugsat.tugraz.at/] On February 25 of this year, "BRITE-A TUGSAT-1", Austria's first self-built satellite, was successfully launched into orbit from the Satish Dhawan Space…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Feature Articles By Elisabeth Ossberger Every year, the Austrian Club of Education and Science Journalists elects one outstanding researcher as Austrian Scientist of the Year. The 2012 award was given to plant scientist and ecologist Georg Grabherr. Aside from recognition for their exceptional research, this award especially honors Austrian scientists who have placed a special emphasis on explaining their research to a broader nonscientific audience, thus improving the public's perception and understanding of scientific research in Austria. Georg Grabherr, who is deputy director of the Institute of Interdisciplinary Mountain Research (IGF) at the Austrian…
bridges vol. 37, May 2013 / Letter from the Editor Dear Reader, Welcome to your first bridges issue of 2013! In this issue, we address the question of how best to allocate and evaluate public funds for scientific research. This question is particularly important in times of tight national budgets and for countries that have endeavored to establish national systems of research funding that can be held accountable for their evidence-based funding decisions. bridges has invited two experts on this topic – one from Austria and one from the US – to share their insights: Julia Lane of the American…
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