Selected Readings

A selection of recent noteworthy publications in science, technology, education and innovation policy, and related areas.


bridges vol. 35, October 2012 / Selected Readings


State of ST in Canada 2012 CoverThe State of Science and Technology in Canada, 2012: The Expert Panel on the State of Science and Technology in Canada

Council of Canadian Academies

2012

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From the Council of Canadian Academies News Release: In 2010 Industry Canada, via the minister of industry, asked the Council of Canadian Academies to assess the state of science and technology in Canada and to consider all fields in which research is conducted. In response, the council assembled an 18-member expert panel from Canada and around the world to conduct this in-depth assessment. The panel focused particularly on research performed in the higher education sector, as well as in the not-for-profit and government sectors.

pcast amp steering committee report coverReport to the President on Capturing Domestic Competitive Advantage in Advanced Manufacturing

Executive Office of the US President

President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology

2012

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From the Fact Sheet: The Advanced Manufacturing Partnership (AMP) Steering Committee, working within the framework of the US President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) and cochaired by Andrew Liveris of Dow Chemical and Susan Hockfield of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), outlined recommendations for spurring investment and positioning the US for long-term leadership in advanced manufacturing. This report has been endorsed by PCAST, which is led by John P. Holdren, science and technology advisor to the President and director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and Eric Lander, president of the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT. The AMP Steering Committee report grouped its 16 recommendations into three categories: (1) Enabling innovation, (2) Securing the talent pipeline, and (3) Improving the business climate.


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Research Development Innovation and the Science and Engineering Workforce CoverResearch and Development, Innovation, and the Science and Engineering Workforce: A Companion Piece to the US Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

National Science Foundation

National Science Board

2012

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From the Introduction: In this policy companion to Science and Engineering Indicators 2012, the National Science Board discusses the innovation ecosystem and the role of R&D in fostering innovation; explores the complementary roles of the private and public sectors; and offers key findings for stakeholders to consider. This ecosystem is nurtured not only by R&D but includes education and the ability to build/implement technology. Although the connections are strong among R&D investment, innovation, economic growth, and job creation, they are also complex.

Diminishing Funding CoverDiminishing Funding and Rising Expectations: Trends and Challenges for US Public Research Universities

National Science Board

National Science Foundation

2012

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From the Summary: This policy companion report to Science and Engineering Indicators 2012, titled Diminishing Funding and Rising Expectations: Trends and Challenges for Public Research Universities, highlights the importance of these universities to the local and national economies, rising public expectations for these institutions, and the challenges posed by recent trends in enrollment, revenue, and expenditures.

State Research and Development Expenditures, InfoBrief coverState Research and Development Expenditures Total $1.2 Billion in FY 2009

InfoBrief, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics

National Science Foundation

By Michael Yamaner

2012

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From the Brief: The FY 2009 survey is the most recent NSF survey of R&D activities performed and funded by state government agencies in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia. For the first time, NSF is publishing survey data by individual state agency – previously only state totals were published. This survey also marked the first time NSF asked state agencies to classify their R&D according to the following five categories:

  • Agriculture: animal health; aquaculture; crop management; food and commodities; forestry
  • Environment and Natural Resources: air and water quality; fish, game, and wildlife; marine and aquatic environments; geological survey; parks and preserves; soil and water conservation
  • Health: biomedical research; mental health and addiction; public health
  • Transportation: highways, roads, and bridges; ports and waterways; public transportation; rail and freight; aviation
  • Other: R&D in other areas such as corrections, education, energy, labor, public safety, and social services.
A Look at Sequestration CoverA Look at Sequestration: Potential Cuts to Federal R&D in the First Five Years

American Association for the Advancement of Science

2012

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From AAAS' R&D Budget and Policy Program: This report estimates the impact of sequestration on federal science budgets and states over the next five years. The report finds that federal R&D funding through 2017 could be reduced by $57.5 billion, or 8.4 percent. Among defense agencies, DARPA would lose around $1.3 billion in funding over the first five years under sequestration. On the nondefense side, most science budgets would stand to lose 7.6 percent of their funding. For NIH, this would mean $11.3 billion less for research over five years, with budgets reverting to levels last seen a decade ago. The National Science Foundation would lose about $2.1 billion, and the Department of Energy would lose about $4.6 billion. NASA's budget would drop to levels not seen since the 1980s. According to our estimates, were Congress to push the burden of sequestration more fully onto science agencies and away from defense, cuts for nondefense agencies could more than double. Using NSF data to examine the potential impacts on federal research dollars by state revealed that researchers in 19 states would lose at least $1 billion in federal funding over the next five years. California would lead the pack with $11.3 billion in lost funding, but research universities and industry in Maryland, Virginia, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Texas, New York, and elsewhere would also see reductions of more than $1 billion.

AAAS CEO Alan Leshner and Northrup Grumman Chairman Emeritus and Caltech Trustee Kent Kresa recently published an op-ed with McClatchy News Services arguing that Congress and the President must get together to achieve a balanced deficit reduction plan that protects the nation's investments in science and technology.

Innovation Economics Book CoverInnovation Economics: The Race for Global Advantage

By Robert Atkinson and Stephen Ezell

Yale University Press

2012

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From the Summary: Innovation experts Robert Atkinson and Stephen Ezell explore how a weak US innovation economy not only contributed to the Great Recession but is delaying recovery, as they contrast US innovation policy with that of other developed and developing nations to make a compelling case for a new bipartisan national innovation agenda. Atkinson and Ezell provide a road map for the United States to regain its global innovation advantage by 2020, and to maximize global sources of innovation and promote sustainable globalization.

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