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Selected Readings

A selection of recent noteworthy publications in science, technology, education and innovation policy, and related areas.


bridges vol. 34, July 2012 / Selected Readings

Selected Readings in:

Higher Education & Graduate Training

Energy

Science Policy


Higher Education & Graduate Training
Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nationa's Prosperity and Security  Research Universities and the Future of America: Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security

The National Academies Press

2012

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From the Publisher: Research Universities and the Future of America presents critically important strategies for ensuring that our nation's research universities contribute strongly to America's prosperity, security, and national goals. Widely considered the best in the world, our nation's research universities today confront significant financial pressures, important advances in technology, a changing demographic landscape, and increased international competition. This report provides a course of action for ensuring that our universities continue to produce the knowledge, ideas, and talent the United States needs to be a global leader in the 21st century.

Mapping Internationalization on U.S. CampusesMapping Internationalization on U.S. Campuses

American Council on Education

2012

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From the Publisher: Mapping Internationalization on U.S. Campuses assesses the current state of internationalization at American higher education institutions, analyzes progress and trends over time, and identifies future priorities. Survey data from US institutions were collected in 2001, 2006, and most recently in 2011, when The American Council on Education surveyed 3,357 accredited, degree-granting institutions.

Biomedical Research Workforce Working Group ReportBiomedical Research Workforce Working Group Report

National Institutes of Health

2012

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An advisory committee to NIH, chaired by Princeton University President Shirley Tilghman, presented a draft report on June 12. According to the committee, in its present state the graduate training system at US universities and the workforce that graduates enter are dysfunctional and unsustainable. At the root of that dysfunction, Tilghman said, is a mismatch between the training most graduate students receive and the careers in which most Ph.D. graduates will end up.

The report calls on NIH to divert funding from research grants to training grants for graduate students, support more postdocs on training grants, increase pay and improve benefits for postdocs, and boost the prestige and remuneration of staff scientist positions in academic labs.

(from: "Can NIH Renovate the Biomedical Workforce?", Science Careers, June 22, 2012)

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Energy
Induced Seismicity Potential in Energy TechnologiesInduced Seismicity Potential in Energy Technologies

Committee on Induced Seismicity Potential in Energy Technologies

The National Academies Press

2012

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(available prepublication)

This report on Induced Seismicity Potential in Energy Technologies shows that hydraulic fracturing has a low risk of inducing earthquakes that can be felt by people, but underground injection of the wastewater produced by hydraulic fracturing and other energy technologies carries a higher risk of causing such earthquakes. The report also examines the potential for energy technologies – including shale gas recovery, carbon capture and storage, geothermal energy production, and conventional oil and gas development – to cause earthquakes.

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Science Policy
Journal of Policy Analysis and ManagementJournal of Policy Analysis and Management, Volume 31, Issue 3 – Science Policy Focus

Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management (APPAM)

2012

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Notes from the Editor: This issue of the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management represents an effort spanning two years of work to create an issue with four feature articles: on environmental science and green technology, a Point/Counterpoint exchange on stem cells, a Policy Retrospective on innovation inducement prizes, as well as a Methods Article on experimental and nonexperimental estimators. Additionally, this issue includes a symposium on the science of science policy. This idea for the symposium was first voiced at the fall APPAM conference two years ago by Julia Lane, then director of the Science of Science & Innovation Policy (SciSIP) program at the National Science Foundation (NSF).

AAAS Report XXXVII: Research & Development FY 2013AAAS Report XXXVII: Research & Development FY 2013

Intersociety Working Group

American Association for the Advancement of Science

2012

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From the Preface: This reference work provides a comprehensive analysis of R&D in the President's FY 2013 Budget Request, including specialized analyses by theme, major agency, and discipline. Since 1976, AAAS has published an annual report analyzing R&D in the proposed federal budget in order to make available to the scientific and engineering communities and to policy makers timely and objective information about the Administration's plans for the coming fiscal year.

This year marks the 37th in the series of AAAS R&D Reports.

 

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