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Feature Articles
E85

by Britt Childs
with background information on Ethanol Production in the U.S. by Sylvia Nedbal


Governments and investors are increasingly under pressure to ensure that their support for biofuels does not generate negative consequences for people and the environment.


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Corn

by M. Obersteiner & P. Havlik

Are biofuels driving up food prices, contributing to the destruction of tropical rain forests, and making global warming worse? Michael Obersteiner and Petr Havlik of IIASA use their land resources modeling to investigate the relation between traditional forests, agriculture and biofuel production.


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ABI

by Caroline Adenberger

Founded in 1995, ABI provides professional support for the development of liquid biofuels worldwide as an experienced competence center. bridges spoke with Werner Koerbitz, the chairman of ABI.


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Vogelbusch:
The Bioprocess Company

by Katharina Harlander


Vogelbusch is a major global player in the engineering and construction of bioethanol plants. Founded in 1921 by Wilhelm Vogelbusch in Vienna, Austria, it now has subsidaries in the US and in China. 


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Spikes

by Hans Kordik

The United States is the biggest producer of  genetically engineered crops worldwide - unlike Austria, where both organic and conventional farmers decided to abstain from genetic engineering in agriculture.  


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EPA

by Alan D. Hecht

Alan Hecht, director for sustainable development at EPA's office for R&D, elaborates on how to develop successful sustainable business strategies and supportive government policies. 


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Walter Munk

by Pepita Adelmann

Learn more about the life of one of the most distinguished scientists in physical oceanography who has shaped the field during the past 70 years of his career (and still continues to do so.)


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Daniela Pollak

by Juliet M. Beverly

The 29-years old Austrian has come a long way in both  distance and achievements in a short period of time: From the Veterinary University in Vienna to Eric Kandel's lab in the Big Apple.


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Ladder

by Florian Pecenka

With the co-signing of the EQF by the European Parliament and the Council on April 23rd, a further step has been taken toward the creation of the European Reference Framework for all national qualifications systems.


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Pielke's Perspective OpEds and Commentaries
Roger Pielke Jr.
Blinded by Assumptions

by Roger Pielke Jr.
Norman P. Neureiter

People in the Spotlight Letter From Brussels
Johannes Hahn
EU

                       
by Martin Schmid


News from the Network
MOVES & MILESTONES

Learn about the accomplishments of outstanding Austrian scientists and scholars in North America.  
Janez Potocnik


OST Scientist Network

Logo Whozat
ISTA

Institutions & Organizations

by W. L. Reiter & Klaus Schmidt

Marshall Plan Scholarship Logo
The Austrian Marshall Plan Foundation:
Launch of a New Scholarship Program between Austria and the United States


Book Review Bills in Brief
Cover: A Passion for Discovery


Reviewed by Walter Thirring



Noteworthy Information
Cooperation Agreement between MIT and Research Studios Austria
Call for Papers: Rupert Riedl Prize 2008
 

Feature Articles

by Joshua Roebke


In Vienna, a team of scientists around quantum physicist Anton Zeilinger has devised experiments that may answer one of the enduring riddles of science: Do we create the world just by looking at it?


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by Christoph Derndorfer

Since its kick-off in 2005, Nicholas Negroponte's brainchild "One Laptop per Child" has come a long way - and into the classrooms of developing countries, from Kathmandu in Nepal to the Peruvian Andes.   


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Special Focus on Water
ABI

by Christina Leb

Climate change will have a strong impact on watercourses, through alteration of precipitation and river flow patterns. In international water basins, a concerted response and joint adaption planing is required by riparian nations in order to deal with impacts like floods or droughts.


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Stephen Parker

by Juliet M. Beverly

In 1982, the US National Research Council established the Water Science and Technology Board (WSTB) for studies of water resources and other water-related topics. bridges spoke with the WSTB's director Stephen Parker.


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EPA

by Benjamin Grumbles

In 2007, a work group at EPA convened to examine the possible impacts of climate change on the US National Water Program. Now, their strategy is at hand, including 46 specific actions on how to adapt program implementation in light of climate change.


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EPA

by Mark A. Shannon

Improved desalination technologies promise to turn seawater and brackish waters from saline aquifers and rivers into much-sought-after fresh water - making desalination more efficient and more cost-effective  compared with its predecessor technologies. 


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Kornel Kerenyi

by Juliet M. Beverly

The Austrian engineer heads the US Federal Highway Administration's J. Sterling Jones Hydraulic Research Laboratory in Virginia, where exploratory advanced hydraulic research seeks to design the "intelligent" bridge of the future.  


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by Christoph Derndorfer

The Erwin-Schroedinger fellow spends a 16-month research stay at the Department of Hydrology and Water Resources at the University of Arizona, working on flood prediction and the impact of land use on water resources models.


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Pielke's Perspective Norm Neureiter on S&T in Foreign Policy
Roger Pielke Jr.
Norman P. Neureiter
The Soft Power of Science Cooperation

by Norman P. Neureiter

OpEds and Commentaries
Florian Pecenka
Quo Vadis Student Mobility?

by Florian Pecenka


by R. Albrecht, P. Beck, G. Groemer, and N. Frischauf
Letter from Brussels
EU
by Sabine Neyer

News from the Network
Moves & Milestones
MOVES & MILESTONES

Learn about the accomplishments of outstanding Austrian scientists and scholars in North America.  
Janez Potocnik
eCommerce, Prediction Markets, and Data Mining

A summary of a presentation given by Wolfgang Jank at the Embassy of Austria.

OST Scientist Network

Brown University
UC Davis
I.S.T. Austria
ISTA

Institutions & Organizations



OEAD

Book & Film Review Bills in Brief


Reviewed by Philipp Marxgut



Noteworthy Information
IMP
Fulbright

Fulbright Award Opportunity in Austria for US Scholars

 
Feature Articles
 By Christoph Koettl

In a cooperation between Amnesty International and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, geospatial technologies like satellite imagery, GPS, and GIS are used to document human rights abuses.


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Arnold Leitner

Introducing Arnold Leitner and the (Sun)Rise of Solar Power


By Katharina Jarmai

Originally a physicist by training, Arnold Leitner turned entrepreneur and founded SkyFuel, a leading technology provider and developer of thermal concentrating solar power (CSP) systems. 

 

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Karl Hess

A conversation with the Austrian-born physicist and mathematician Karl Hess, who served on the US National Science Board from 2006 until 2008. 


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Charles Wessner

Charles Wessner, the director of the Program on Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship at NAS, about  the  role of innovation  in the United States.


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By Deborah Stine

In their 2005 report, the National Academies identified four recommendations with twenty specific actions to secure the US' leadership in science and technology. Deborah Stine looks at the national policy response to those action items.  

 

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By Josef Hochgerner

Social innovations are essential for the development of people's lives. ZSI, a Vienna-based institute, seeks to advance social innovations for the global evolution of the knowledge-based information society.


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By Caroline Adenberger

Two Austrian architects, Siegfried Attenender and Lorenz Potocnik, are "Visionary Resarch Fellows" at MIT. They got awarded this fellowship by winning an international competition with their entry “HUMMUS: East Mediterranean City Belt 2050”.

  

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Lise Meitner in 1900
By Patricia Rife 

Today, few know of the scientific achievements of Lise Meitner, a Jewish physicist from  Vienna. It was her joint research with the chemists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann that led to the discovery of uranium fission.

 

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Pielke's Perspective Norm Neureiter on S&T in Foreign Policy
Roger Pielke Jr.
Norman P. Neureiter

OpEds and Commentaries

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By Norbert Frischauf
Letter from Brussels People in the Spotlight
 EU
By Martin Schmid
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By Fatima Naqvi

News from the Network
Moves & Milestones
MOVES & MILESTONES

Learn about the accomplishments of outstanding Austrian scientists and scholars in North America.  
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Michael Stadler
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Austrain Science Talk 2008

Institutions & Organizations



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Bills in Brief
Noteworthy Information


 
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Guide to Residence
and Employment of
Foreign Researchers in
Austria Now Available Online
        
         ScieCom08        
SciCom08 Conference
in Vienna, November 20–22
 Mozart & Science         
Mozart&Science 2008
Congress in Vienna,
November 16–19


Feature Articles
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By Jennifer Slimowitz Pearl and Shireen Yousef

Through grants like the "Partnerships for International Research and Education" NSF fosters global cooperation of US-based scientists, engineers, students, and postdoctoral fellows with international partners to enhance their research programs.

 

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European Research Area: the Future of Networks of Excellence

By Manfred Horvat

For the past 10 months, an expert group reviewed the Networks of Excellence scheme, which was introduced in the 6th European Framework Program for Research as an instrument to support the creation of the European Research Area.

 

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By Elliot Diringer

After years of stalemate in the international climate negotiations, the Obama administration presents an opportunity for a genuine breakthrough. However, unrealistic expectations about how quickly the US will move - and how far - could damage prospects for an agreement in Copenhagen.


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By Attilio Stajano


Can the EU as a whole find ways to successfully position itself ahead of its competitors, or has the time come to make way for new countries to take the economic lead? Stajano discusses the question in this article based on his recent book "Research, Quality, Competitiveness" the chances of the Union.


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By Caroline Adenberger

Using scientific cooperation to promote international understanding and prosperity the Science Diplomacy Center in Washington DC seeks to provide a forum through which scientists, policy analysts, and policy makers can share information and explore collaborative opportunities. bridges spoke with the Center's Director Vaughan Turekian.  

 

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By Daniela Klammer


Despite his outstanding contributions to theoretical physics, the Austrian physicist Julius Wess, who passed away in 2007, is hardly known to the people in his country. Learn about a fine man and superb physics, mainly the concept of supersymmetry, to which he dedicated his entire life.


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Pielke's Perspective Norm Neureiter on S&T in Foreign Policy
Roger Pielke Jr.
Norman P. Neureiter

OpEds and Commentaries People in the Spotlight
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Creating Scientific Ambassadors

By Guruprasad Madhavan, Barbara Oakley, and Luis Kun
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Letter from Brussels  
 EU
By Sabine Neyer
  

News from the Network
Moves & Milestones

MOVES & MILESTONES

Learn about the accomplishments of outstanding Austrian scientists and scholars in North America.

                             
 
RE$EARCH RE$OURCES
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In its 2009 call, the Vienna-based Science and Technology Fund, with € 4.5 Million, supports projects that strive for innovative mathematical methods leading to applicable solutions.                    






Institutions & Organisations Bills in Brief 

By Juliet M. Beverly

Noteworthy Information  



Feature Articles

By Manfred Horvat

In 1997, a Science & Technology Agreement (STA) was signed between the European Community and the United States, with the goal of intensifying S&T cooperation and the exchange of experience and good practice in the area of S&T policy. The article examines where the STA succeeded, and where improvements can still be made.


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By Jeffrey Alexander

The Obama Administration has made transparency one of the key themes of its approach to governance. Concurrently, it has embraced the idea that regional economic growth is a key driver of national prosperity. Learn why full access to data on government R&D would be highly useful guidance for the regions.

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wwt_thumb.jpg By Thomas Wirthensohn

In a collaboration between Austrian and US environmental scientists, a nitrogen removal technique applied in Austria was introduced to the Washington DC area and promptly received a national award for its energy-efficiency and sustainability.


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By Simone Poetscher

More than 2100 people attended the series of screenings of Petra Seeger's documentary on the life of Eric Kandel. Kicked-off in Washington, DC, the movie received accolades from audiences in New York City, Boston, San Diego and San Francisco.
 
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Special Focus on Canada


By Caroline Adenberger

Canada spends more on higher education R&D as a proportion of GDP than any other country in the G8. Its 2009 budget foresees funding of Can$ 2 billion to refurbish and improve infrastructure at universities. The government's 2007 S&T strategy aims to ensure Canada's position at the forefront of research and innovation. Still, some think all of this might not be enough to attract and maintain the best researchers.


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canada
By Valerie La Traverse

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By Juliet Beverly

Wolfgang Haider is an associate professor of resource and environmental management at the School of Resources and Environmental Management at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia, Canada, investigating the decisions and behavior of people in recreational activities.


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By Karoline Peter

In 2005, Sylvia Stöckler Ipsiroglu left the University Hospital in Vienna to follow a call to head the Division of Biochemical Diseases and the Cystic Fibrosis clinical service at British Columbia's Children's Hospital in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.


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Pielke's Perspective Norm Neureiter on S&T in Foreign Policy
Roger Pielke Jr.
Norman P. Neureiter

OpEds and Commentaries Letter from Brussels
Gernot Wagner
EU

By Martin Schmid
People in the Spotlight
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Learn about the key people in the new US administration who  focus on science, technology, environmental, and energy policy issues.


News from the Network
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Moves & Milestones
MOVES & MILESTONES

Learn about the accomplishments of outstanding Austrian scientists and scholars in North America.
OST Scientist Network


Institutions & Organizations Bills in Brief

By Bettina Neunteufl


Noteworthy Information
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By Victoria Minnich
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Dorkbot - Doing "Strange Things with Electricity" from New York to Linz

By Jonathan D. Farley
 
ESOF
IWM
Institute for Human Sciences, Vienna, Calls for Applications 
  

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