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bridges vol. 26, July 2010 / Feature Article

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Altbach, Philip G. 2001. The American Academic Model in Comparative Perspective. In In Defense of American Higher Education, eds. P. G.

Altbach, Philip G. 2004, March/April. Higher Education Crosses Borders. Change, 36, 18-25.

Altbach & T. Umakoshi. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 279-300.

Altbach, Philip G. and Patti McGill Peterson, (Eds.) 2007. Higher Education in the New Century: Global Challenges and Innovative Ideas. (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers).

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Wooldridge, Adrian, Secrets of Success. 2005, September 10 - 16. The Economist.


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The article EPA at 40: Bringing Environmental Protection into the 21st Century references 23 other publications.


1. United Nations. Millennium Development Goals Report 2006; New York, 2006; available at http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Resources/Static/Products/Progress2006/MDGReport2006.pdf .

2. An Act to set apart a certain Tract of Land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public Park; Forty-Second Congress, Session II Ch. 21-24. March 1, 1872. Chap. XXIV; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1872; available at http://lake.national-park.com/history.html .

3. Devra, D. L. When Smoke Ran Like Water: Tales of Environmental Deception and the Battle Against Pollution; Basic Books: New York, 2003.

4. Lazarus, R. The Making of Environmental Law; University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 2004.

5. National Environmental Policy Act; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1969; available at http://epw.senate.gov/nepa69.pdf .

6. United Nations. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future (Annex to General Assembly document A/42/427); Oxford University Press: Oxford, 1988;      available at www.un-documents.net/a42-427.htm .

7. Executive Office of the President. President's Advisory Council on Executive Organization; Ash Council Memo; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1970; available at www.epa.gov/history/org/origins/ash.htm .

8. Davies, J. C.; Mazurek, J. Pollution Control in the United States: Evaluating the System; Resources for the Future: Washington, DC, 1999.

9. Rabe, B. G.Integrated environmental permitting: experience and innovation at the state level State Local Govern. Rev. 1997, 27 ( 3) 209- 220

10. National Research Council. Strengthening Science at the U.S. EPA; National Academy Press: Washington, DC, 2000.

11. Breaking the Logjam: Environmental Reform for the New Congress and Administration; Symposium Agenda, March 28-29, 2008; New York University School of Law and New York Law School: New York;      available at www.breakingthelogjam.org .

12. Davies, J. C.Oversight of next generation nanotechnology. Report of Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies 18; Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars: Washington, DC, 2009;      available at www.nanotechproject.org/publications/archive/pen18 .

13. Schaefer, M.; Baker, D. J.; Gibbons, J. H.; Groat, C. G.; Kennedy, D.; Kennel, C. F.; Rejeski, D.An earth systems science agency Science 2008, 321 ( 5885) 44- 45; available at www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/short/321/5885/44 ; doi: 10.1126/science.1160192

14. Senge, P. M.; Smith, B.; Schley, S.; Laur, J.; Kruschwitz, N. The Necessary Revolution: How Individuals and Organizations Are Working Together to Create a Sustainable World; Doubleday: New York, 2008.

15. Fiksel, J.Sustainability and resilience: toward a systems approach Sustainability: Sci., Practice Policy 2006, 2 ( 2) 14- 21; available at http://ejournal.nbii.org/progress/2006fall/0608-028.fiksel.html

16. Perrings, C.Future challenges Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2007, 104 ( 39) 15179- 15180; available at www.pnas.org/content/104/39/15179.full.pdf+html

17. Leiserowitz, A.; Kates, R. W.; Parris, T. M.Do global attitudes and behaviors support sustainable development? Environment 2005, 47 ( 9) 22- 37

18. Filling the Gaps: Priority Data Needs and Key Management Challenges for National Reporting on Ecosystem Condition. In State of the Nation's Ecosystem Project ; Heinz Center for Science, Economics and the Environment: Washington, DC, 2006.

19. Clark, W. Learning to Manage Global Environmental Risk; MIT Press: Cambridge, MA, 2001.

20. www.climateinteractive.org/simulations/C-ROADS .

21. Allenby, B. R.; Graedel, T. E.Defining the environmentally responsible facility. In Measures of Environmental Performance and Ecosystem Condition; Schulze, P. E., Ed.; National Academies Press: Washington, DC, 1999.

22. House Committee on Science. Unlocking Our Future: Toward a New National Science Policy; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998; available at www.access.gpo.gov/congress/house/science/cp105-b/science105b.pdf .

23. Guthridge, M.; Komm, A. B.; Lawson, E.Making talent a strategic priority McKinsey Quart. 2008, 1

bridges vol. 21, April 2009 / News from the Network: Austrian Researchers Abroad

PhysOrg.com: U.S. States Expand Newborn Screening For Life-Long Threatening Disorders, February 2009
http://www.physorg.com/news154162483.html


Therrell B., Lorey F., Frazier D., Hoffmann G., Boyle C., Green D., Devine O., Hannon H.: Impact of Expanded Newborn Screening - United States, 2006; JAMA 2008, Vol. 300, No. 19, 2242-2244
http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/full/300/19/2242


Guthrie P.: Pediatric Screening, Pressure mounts to expand screening of US newborns; CAMJ 2005, Vol. 173, No. 1, 22
http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/173/1/22


Eggerston L.: Pediatric Screening, Canada lags on newborn screening; CAMJ 2005, Vol. 173, No. 1, 23
http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/content/full/173/1/23


Stöckler-Ipsiroglu S.: MAS-Thesis: Das österreichische Neugeborenen-Screening im Spannungsfeld zwischen öffentlicher Präventivmedizin und universitär-wissenschaftlichem Auftrag, 2003


The President’s Council on Bioethics: The Changing Moral Focus of Newborn Screening, December 2008
http://www.bioethics.gov/reports/newborn_screening/index.html


Mayo Clinic: Metabolic Disorders, March 2009
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Stöckler-Ipsiroglu S., Bodamer O., Möslinger D., Mühl A.: Neugeborenen-Screening in Österreich: Erweiterung des Untersuchungsprogrammes nach Einführung der Tandemmasssenspektrometrie
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Von Figura K., Hanefeld F., Isbrandt D., Stöckler-Ipsiroglu S.: Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency; OMMBID, Part 8, Chapter 84
http://www.ommbid.com/OMMBID/the_online_metabolic_and_molecular_bases_of_inherited_disease/b/abstract/part8/ch84


Sykut-Cegielska J., Gradowska W., Mercimek-Mahmutoglu S., Stöckler-Ipsiroglu S.: Biochemical and clinical characteristics of creatine deficiency syndromes; ABP 2004, Vol. 51, No. 4, 875-882
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Stöckler S., Holzbach U., Hanefeld F., Marquardt I., Helms G., Requart M., Hänicke W., Frahm J.: Creatine deficiency in the brain: a new, treatable inborn error of metabolism; Pediatr Res. 1994, Vol. 36, No. 3, 409-413
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Stöckler S., Isbrandt D., Hanefeld F., Schmidt B., Von Figura K.: Guanidinoacetate methyltransferase deficiency: the first inborn error of creatine metabolism in man; Am J Hum Genet. 1996, Vol. 58, No. 5, 914-922
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Hoppe N.: MedUni Wien: Neue Techniken für Neugeborenen-Screening; Presseinformation 2007
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BC Women’s Hospital & Health Centre: Expanded screening to improve health of B.C. babies, July 2008
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Child & Family Research Institute, Sylvia Stoeckler-Ipsiroglu, March 2009
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Save Babies Through Screening Foundation Inc., March 2009
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March of Dimes, March 2009
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Department of Pediatrics of the University of British Columbia and British Columbia’s Children’s Hospital, March 2009
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bridges vol. 21, April 2009 / Feature Articles

The main points of the Terms of Reference were:
  • Analyzing the EC-US S&T cooperative activities
  • Identifying success stories and flagship projects
  • Reviewing EU Member States' bilateral cooperative activities with the US
  • Assessing complementarities, synergies, and overlaps between different cooperative activities with the US
  • Analyzing mutual benefits of EC-US cooperation
  • Identifying bottlenecks and administrative, legal, and institutional obstacles to ongoing cooperative activities
  • Identifying areas with clear prospects for further developing EC-US S&T cooperation.


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1. Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the European Community and the Government of the United States of America. Official Journal of the European Communities, L 284/37-44, 22.10.98.

2. Jyrki Kettunen, Keith A. Harrap, Claude Wolff: Impact Assessment of the S&T Agreement between the European Community and the USA. A Report by a Panel of Independent Experts. Brussels 2003.  http://ec.europa.eu/research/iscp/pdf/us-impact.pdf

3. Mary Kavanagh: The EU-US Science and Technology Agreement. Bridges, Vol. 4, 12.04.2004

4. In EU terminology, third countries are countries that are not members of the EU and countries that are not associated to the EU Framework Programme for Research, Technological Cooperation

5. http://ec.europa.eu/research/press/2008/pdf/com_2008_588_en.pdf

6. Elias E. Zerhouni and Janez Potoznik, "European Union and NIH Collaborate." http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pdf_extract/322/5904/1048a

7. http://erc.europa.eu/

8. e.g., as portrayed in the brochure: "EC-US Scientific and Technological Cooperation: Reaching New Frontiers," edited by Mary Minch, Director for International Cooperation, Directorate General Research, European Commission, and Jeff Miotke, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Science, Space and Health, United States Department of State (November 2007).

9. See, e.g., the provisions regarding IPR in the recently signed cooperation agreement between France and the US.  http://www.france-science.org/spip.php?article1049

10. "International Science and Engineering Partnerships: A Priority for US Foreign Policy and Our Nation's Innovation Enterprise," National Science Board, National Science Foundation. NSB-08-4 (February 14, 2008).
http://www.nsf.gov/nsb/publications/2008/nsb084.pdf

11. http://science.house.gov/publications/hearings_markups_details.aspx?NewsID=2134

12. COM(2008) 588 final, Brussels, 24.09.2008

13. E. Th. Rietschel et al., "Evaluation of the Sixth Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development 2002-2006. Report of the Expert Group" (February 2009). http://ec.europa.eu/research/reports/2009/pdf/fp6_evaluation_final_report_en.pdf#view=fit&pagemode=none


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