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bridges vol. 26, July 2010 / Feature Article


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Altbach, Philip G. 2001. The American Academic Model in Comparative Perspective. In In Defense of American Higher Education, eds. P. G.

Altbach, Philip G. 2004, March/April. Higher Education Crosses Borders. Change, 36, 18-25.

Altbach & T. Umakoshi. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 279-300.

Altbach, Philip G. and Patti McGill Peterson, (Eds.) 2007. Higher Education in the New Century: Global Challenges and Innovative Ideas. (Rotterdam: Sense Publishers).

American Academy of Diplomacy. 2004. Report of a Special Task Force of the American Academy of Diplomacy. Washington, DC: Author.

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BBC World Service. 2005, March 5. BBC World poll-Twenty-two Nation Poll Shows China Viewed Positively by Most Countries Including Asia Neighbors. Retrieved from http://www.pipa.org/Online Reports/BBC World Poll/3/05/05.

Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. 2001. Outcome Assessment of the U.S. Fulbright Scholar Program. Washington, DC: SRI International.

Chomsky, Noam, (Ed.). 1997. The Cold War and the University: Toward an Intellectual History of the Postwar Years. New York: New Press.

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Council on Foreign Relations. 2003. Finding America's Voice: A Strategy for Reinvigorating U.S. Public Diplomacy. Report of Independent Task Force. New York, Author.

Djerejian, Edward P. 2003, October 1. Changing Minds, Winning Peace: A New Strategic Direction for U.S. Public Diplomacy in the Arab &
Muslim World. Submitted to the Committee on Appropriations, US House of Representatives. Washington, DC: Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy.

Freeman, Richard. 2005. Does Globalization of the Scientific/engineering Workforce Threaten U.S. Economic Leadership? Cambridge, MA:
Labor Studies Program, National Bureau of Economic Research. 

Friedman, Thomas L. 2005. The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-first Century. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.

Gonzalez, Andrew. 2004. The Philippines: Past, Present, and Future Dimensions of Higher Education. In Asian universities, eds. P. G.
Altbach, P. J. Gumport & D. B. Johnstone.  (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press), pp. 11-37.

Haskins, Charles Homer. 2002. The Rise of Universities. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.

Kirp, David L. 2003. Shakespeare, Einstein, and the Bottom Line: The Marketing of Higher Education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Koh, Hey-Kyung. 2004. Open Doors: Report on International Student Exchange. New York: Institute of International Education.

Lutz, Jessie Gregory. 1971. China and the Christian Colleges. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. 

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Nye, Joseph S., Jr. 2004. Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. New York: Public Affairs.

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Overseas Students' Number Hits Record High. 2005, May 24. China Daily.

Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. (2003). Views of a Changing World. Washington, DC: Author.

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Rainey, Amy. Academic Groups Urge the White House to Strengthen International Education.  2006, March 31, A47. The Chronicle of Higher Education.

Task Force on Higher Education and Society. 2000. Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise. Washington, DC: World Bank.

To Halt Brain Drain, Germany Adopts ‘Competition' Mantra. 2005, February 1. Christian Science Monitor.

Wooldridge, Adrian, Secrets of Success. 2005, September 10 - 16. The Economist.

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The article EPA at 40: Bringing Environmental Protection into the 21st Century references 23 other publications.

1. United Nations. Millennium Development Goals Report 2006; New York, 2006; available at http://mdgs.un.org/unsd/mdg/Resources/Static/Products/Progress2006/MDGReport2006.pdf .

2. An Act to set apart a certain Tract of Land lying near the Head-waters of the Yellowstone River as a public Park; Forty-Second Congress, Session II Ch. 21-24. March 1, 1872. Chap. XXIV; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1872; available at http://lake.national-park.com/history.html .

3. Devra, D. L. When Smoke Ran Like Water: Tales of Environmental Deception and the Battle Against Pollution; Basic Books: New York, 2003.

4. Lazarus, R. The Making of Environmental Law; University of Chicago Press: Chicago, 2004.

5. National Environmental Policy Act; 42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1969; available at http://epw.senate.gov/nepa69.pdf .

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8. Davies, J. C.; Mazurek, J. Pollution Control in the United States: Evaluating the System; Resources for the Future: Washington, DC, 1999.

9. Rabe, B. G.Integrated environmental permitting: experience and innovation at the state level State Local Govern. Rev. 1997, 27 ( 3) 209- 220

10. National Research Council. Strengthening Science at the U.S. EPA; National Academy Press: Washington, DC, 2000.

11. Breaking the Logjam: Environmental Reform for the New Congress and Administration; Symposium Agenda, March 28-29, 2008; New York University School of Law and New York Law School: New York;      available at www.breakingthelogjam.org .

12. Davies, J. C.Oversight of next generation nanotechnology. Report of Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies 18; Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars: Washington, DC, 2009;      available at www.nanotechproject.org/publications/archive/pen18 .

13. Schaefer, M.; Baker, D. J.; Gibbons, J. H.; Groat, C. G.; Kennedy, D.; Kennel, C. F.; Rejeski, D.An earth systems science agency Science 2008, 321 ( 5885) 44- 45; available at www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/short/321/5885/44 ; doi: 10.1126/science.1160192

14. Senge, P. M.; Smith, B.; Schley, S.; Laur, J.; Kruschwitz, N. The Necessary Revolution: How Individuals and Organizations Are Working Together to Create a Sustainable World; Doubleday: New York, 2008.

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16. Perrings, C.Future challenges Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2007, 104 ( 39) 15179- 15180; available at www.pnas.org/content/104/39/15179.full.pdf+html

17. Leiserowitz, A.; Kates, R. W.; Parris, T. M.Do global attitudes and behaviors support sustainable development? Environment 2005, 47 ( 9) 22- 37

18. Filling the Gaps: Priority Data Needs and Key Management Challenges for National Reporting on Ecosystem Condition. In State of the Nation's Ecosystem Project ; Heinz Center for Science, Economics and the Environment: Washington, DC, 2006.

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bridges vol. 21, April 2009 / News from the Network: Austrian Researchers Abroad

PhysOrg.com: U.S. States Expand Newborn Screening For Life-Long Threatening Disorders, February 2009

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Von Figura K., Hanefeld F., Isbrandt D., Stöckler-Ipsiroglu S.: Guanidinoacetate Methyltransferase Deficiency; OMMBID, Part 8, Chapter 84

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bridges vol. 21, April 2009 / Feature Articles

The main points of the Terms of Reference were:
  • Analyzing the EC-US S&T cooperative activities
  • Identifying success stories and flagship projects
  • Reviewing EU Member States' bilateral cooperative activities with the US
  • Assessing complementarities, synergies, and overlaps between different cooperative activities with the US
  • Analyzing mutual benefits of EC-US cooperation
  • Identifying bottlenecks and administrative, legal, and institutional obstacles to ongoing cooperative activities
  • Identifying areas with clear prospects for further developing EC-US S&T cooperation.

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1. Agreement for Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the European Community and the Government of the United States of America. Official Journal of the European Communities, L 284/37-44, 22.10.98.

2. Jyrki Kettunen, Keith A. Harrap, Claude Wolff: Impact Assessment of the S&T Agreement between the European Community and the USA. A Report by a Panel of Independent Experts. Brussels 2003.  http://ec.europa.eu/research/iscp/pdf/us-impact.pdf

3. Mary Kavanagh: The EU-US Science and Technology Agreement. Bridges, Vol. 4, 12.04.2004

4. In EU terminology, third countries are countries that are not members of the EU and countries that are not associated to the EU Framework Programme for Research, Technological Cooperation

5. http://ec.europa.eu/research/press/2008/pdf/com_2008_588_en.pdf

6. Elias E. Zerhouni and Janez Potoznik, "European Union and NIH Collaborate." http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pdf_extract/322/5904/1048a

7. http://erc.europa.eu/

8. e.g., as portrayed in the brochure: "EC-US Scientific and Technological Cooperation: Reaching New Frontiers," edited by Mary Minch, Director for International Cooperation, Directorate General Research, European Commission, and Jeff Miotke, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Science, Space and Health, United States Department of State (November 2007).

9. See, e.g., the provisions regarding IPR in the recently signed cooperation agreement between France and the US.  http://www.france-science.org/spip.php?article1049

10. "International Science and Engineering Partnerships: A Priority for US Foreign Policy and Our Nation's Innovation Enterprise," National Science Board, National Science Foundation. NSB-08-4 (February 14, 2008).

11. http://science.house.gov/publications/hearings_markups_details.aspx?NewsID=2134

12. COM(2008) 588 final, Brussels, 24.09.2008

13. E. Th. Rietschel et al., "Evaluation of the Sixth Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development 2002-2006. Report of the Expert Group" (February 2009). http://ec.europa.eu/research/reports/2009/pdf/fp6_evaluation_final_report_en.pdf#view=fit&pagemode=none

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